Control character

The control characters were designed to fall into a few groups: printing and display control, data structuring, transmission control, and miscellaneous. mehr

Bus (computing)

Other high-performance vendors like Control Data Corporation implemented similar designs. mehr

Disk operating system

In large machines there were other disk operating systems, such as IBM's VM, DEC's RSTS / RT-11 / VMS / TOPS-10 / TWENEX, MIT's ITS / CTSS, Control Data's assorted NOS variants, Harris's Vulcan, Bell Labs' Unix, and so on. mehr

Northrop Grumman E-8 Joint STARS

The information is relayed in near-real time to the US Army's common ground stations via the secure jam-resistant surveillance and control data link (SCDL) and to other ground C4I nodes beyond line-of-sight via ultra high frequency satellite communications. mehr


The feature of storing multiple images in one file, accompanied by control data, is used extensively on the Web to produce simple animations. mehr

General Electric

With IBM (the largest), Burroughs, NCR, Control Data Corporation, Honeywell, RCA and UNIVAC, GE was one of the eight major computer companies of the 1960s. mehr

History of computing hardware

In the US, a series of computers at Control Data Corporation (CDC) were designed by Seymour Cray to use innovative designs and parallelism to achieve superior computational peak performance. mehr


In FidoNet terminology, "kludge" refers to a piece of control data embedded inside a message. mehr


Timers or sensors would awaken the processor in time for important tasks, such as navigation updates, attitude control, data acquisition, and radio communication. Current versions of the Western Design Center 65C02 and 65C816 have static cores, and thus retain data even when the clock is completely halted. mehr


William Norris left Sperry in 1957 to form Control Data Corporation (CDC). mehr

MIPS instruction set

The R6000 did not deliver the promised performance benefits, and although it saw some use in Control Data machines, it quickly disappeared from the mainstream market. mehr

Mainframe computer

The group of manufacturers was first known as "IBM and the Seven Dwarfs": usually Burroughs, UNIVAC, NCR, Control Data, Honeywell, General Electric and RCA, although some lists varied. mehr


RCA was one of several major computer companies (see also: Computing) that also included IBM, Digital Equipment Corporation, Burroughs, Control Data Corporation, General Electric, Honeywell, NCR and Sperry Rand through most of the 1960s. mehr

Seymour Cray

When the scientific computing division was phased out in 1957, a number of employees left to form Control Data Corporation (CDC). mehr


Supercomputers were introduced in the 1960s, made initially, and for decades primarily, by Seymour Cray at Control Data Corporation (CDC), Cray Research and subsequent companies bearing his name or monogram. mehr


In the years 1968 to 1972, Cray was working at Control Data Corporation (CDC) on a new machine known as the CDC 8600, the logical successor to his earlier CDC 6600 and CDC 7600 designs. mehr


Cray went to William Norris, Control Data's CEO, saying that a redesign from scratch was needed. mehr

Uninterruptible power supply

Distribution of UPS status and control data requires that all intermediary devices such as Ethernet switches or serial multiplexers be powered by one or more UPS systems, in order for the UPS alerts to reach the target systems during a power outage. mehr

Data (Star Trek)

Lore returns in the two-part episode "Descent", using the emotion chip to control Data and make him help with Lore's attempt to make the Borg entirely artificial lifeforms. mehr

History of operating systems

In the late 1970s, Control Data and the University of Illinois developed the PLATO system, which used plasma panel displays and long-distance time sharing networks. mehr

Vector processor

The first "successful" implementation of vector processing appears to be the Control Data Corporation STAR-100 and the Texas Instruments Advanced Scientific Computer (ASC). mehr

Vector processor

Control Data Corporation tried to re-enter the high-end market again with its ETA-10 machine, but it sold poorly and they took that as an opportunity to leave the supercomputing field entirely. mehr

Printed circuit board

Before the advent of integrated circuits, this method allowed the highest possible component packing density; because of this, it was used by a number of computer vendors including Control Data Corporation. mehr

Serial port

Generally, the RTS and CTS are turned off and on from alternate ends to control data flow, for instance when a buffer is almost full. mehr


The first of these new executives was Robert Tillson, who left Service Bureau Corporation (then a subsidiary of Control Data, but originally formed as a division of IBM) to become CompuServe's Executive Vice President of Marketing, later replaced by industry pioneer and former marketing director Dave Eastburn (Eastburn went on to be a key player in Time Warner's successful launch of Road Runner). mehr

Engineering Research Associates

A number of employees were not happy with this move and decamped to form Control Data Corporation under the leadership of Norris. mehr

NCR Corporation

By 1986, the number of mainframe makers had dropped from 8 (IBM and the "seven dwarfs") to 6 (IBM and the "BUNCH") to 4: IBM, Unisys, NCR, and Control Data Corporation. mehr

Bloomington, Minnesota

Bloomington's third high school, Abraham Lincoln High School (originally Bloomington High School), was closed in 1982 and was sold to the Control Data Corporation in the mid-1980s. mehr

Rudy Perpich

Perpich worked at Control Data Corporation in New York and Austria for several years until winning back the governor's office in 1982, when he challenged the DFL Party's endorsed candidate, Warren Spannaus and won the primary election. mehr


It was initially run on the Burroughs 220 and later extended to the Control Data Corporation CDC 1604. In 1966 it was superseded by CUPL, a batch compiler for teaching which ran on the IBM System/360. mehr


Of the 10 bits of control data, four were used to specify a circuit number, allowing for a total of 16 devices per ring. mehr

William Norris (CEO)

"William Charles Norris" (July 14, 1911 near Red Cloud, Nebraska – August 21, 2006) was the pioneering CEO of Control Data Corporation, at one time one of the most powerful and respected computer companies in the world. He is famous for taking on IBM in a head-on fight and winning, as well as being a social activist who used Control Data's expansion in the late 1960s to bring jobs and training to inner cities and disadvantaged communities. mehr

William Norris (CEO)

As a result, several employees left and set up Control Data, unanimously selecting Norris as president. mehr

William Norris (CEO)

Control Data started by selling magnetic drum memory systems to other computer manufacturers, but introduced their own mainframe, the CDC 1604, in 1958. Designed primarily by Seymour Cray, the company soon followed the 1604 with a series of increasingly powerful machines. mehr

William Norris (CEO)

The stockholders didn't go along with this, and Norris subsequently retired in January 1986. His successor as Control Data CEO was Robert M. mehr

CD player

The second stage is demodulating the EFM signal into a data frame that contains the audio samples, error correction parity bits, according with the CIRC error correction code, and control data for the player display and micro-computer. mehr


In 1982, Control Data Corporation merged their current printer business unit, CPI, into Centronics and at the same time invested $25 million in the company, effectively taking control from Howard. Control Data controlled the company until 1986 when CDC's interest was acquired by a group of investors affiliated with Drexel Burnham Lambert. mehr


The WEIZAC was operational until December 29, 1963, and was superseded by a Control-Data 1604A computer. mehr


However, shortly after completing the design Cray left to join Control Data Corporation. mehr


The umbilical receptacle passes guidance and control data between cockpit control systems of the launching aircraft and the weapon prior to launch. mehr


He left the company in 1960, a few years after former ERA employees set up Control Data Corporation (CDC). mehr

Instruction pipeline

One of the early supercomputers was the Cyber series built by Control Data Corporation. mehr

Western Digital

That controller, the "WD1003", became the basis of the ATA interface (which WDC developed along with Compaq and Control Data Corporation's MPI division, now owned by Seagate Technology), starting in 1986. Throughout most of the 1980s, the family of controllers based on the WD1003 provided the bulk of WDC's revenues and profits, and for a time generated enormous corporate growth. mehr


In the early 1970s, Honeywell, France's Groupe Bull and Control Data Corporation formed a joint venture in "Magnetic Peripherals Inc"., which became a major player in the hard disk drive market. mehr

History of computing hardware (1960s–present)

In 1976 the Cray-1 was developed by Seymour Cray, who had left Control Data in 1972 to form his own company. mehr

Adobe Authorware

Allen had contributed to the development of the PLATO computer-assisted instruction system during the 1970s that was developed jointly by the University of Illinois and Control Data Corporation. mehr

ETA Systems

"ETA Systems" was a supercomputer company spun off from Control Data Corporation (CDC) in the early 1980s in order to regain a footing in the supercomputer business. mehr

Seagate Technology

Much of their growth has come through acquisition of competitors; in 1989 Seagate acquired Control Data Corporation's Imprimis division, makers of CDC's HDD products, followed by Conner Peripherals in 1996, Maxtor in 2006 and Samsung's HDD business in 2011. mehr

Qualitative research

Contemporary qualitative research has been conducted from a large number of various paradigms that influence conceptual and metatheoretical concerns of legitimacy, control, data analysis, ontology, and epistemology, among others. mehr

Piano roll

The perforations represent note control data. mehr
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